Rakesh Sharma became the first Indian in space. He was born in Patiala, Punjab. After completing his education, he participates in the NDA as an Air force trainee in 1966.
He completed his training in four years and then joining the Indian Air force as a test pilot. In a program of ISRO and Soviet Intercosmos space program, he was selected on 20 September, 1982 to become a cosmonaut and go into space.
When he flew abroad the Soyol T_11, on April 2 in 1984, he spent 7 days and 40 minutes in space and became the first citizen of India to go into space.
The duration of his stay in outer space lasted 21 hours and 40 minutes.
He conducted scientific and technical studies wherein he was mainly involved in bio-medicine and remote sensing.
While in space, the entire crew had a television news conference with Moscow officials and the then Indian Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.
When inquired by Indira Gandhi on how India looked from outer space, Sharma recited "Saare Jahan Se Achcha"in response.
Rakesh Sharma was awarded the Hero of Soviet Union after his return. He was also felicitated with Ashoka Chakra by the Indian Government.