Mahatma Gandhi was born in October 2, 1869. His full name was Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi. He is also known as Father of the Nation and Bapu. Let’s, we take a comprehensive look at the movements led by Mahatma Gandhi to make India an independent country. His birthday is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti across the country and it is a national holiday. So, polish our history, why his birthday is celebrated as zeal.
It is all about the worldwide protest against the status of Caliph by Muslims. In 1919, Gandhiji had an All India Muslim Conference, and became the main person for the event. The success of this movement made him the national leader and facilitated his strong positionin Congress party. Khilafat movement collapsed badly in 1922 and throughout their journey. He fought against communalism, and diversity had increased between Hindus and Muslims.
When Gandhiji returned from South Africa, he made the experiment of non-cooperation in a smaller way by giving leadership to the peasant struggles in Champaran which is located in Bihar and later on in Kheda (Gujarat).
Champaran movement was launched in 1917-18. Its objective was to create awakening among the peasants against the European planters. Gandhiji studied the grievances of the Champaran peasantry. The peasants opposed not only the European planters but also the jamindars.
Kheda Movement – In 1918, Gandhiji learned that the peasants of Kheda district in Gujarat were in extreme distress due to the failure of crops, and that their appeals for the remission of land revenue were being ignored by the government. That time, crops were less than one fourth of the normal yield, the peasants were trusted under the revenue code to a total remission of the land revenue.
The Quit India Movement, also known as the August Movement was a Civil Disobedience Movement launched by Gandhi for Satyagraha (independence).
The movement was accompanied by a mass protest on non-violent lines, in which Gandhi called for “an orderly British withdrawal from India”. Through his passionate speeches, Gandhi moved people by proclaiming “every Indian who desires freedom and strives for it must be his own guide…”.
It was an active movement carried out in the year 1930. He started focusing on expanding initiatives against untouchability, alcoholism and removal of all bad habits. Salt march mainly known as Salt Satyagraha which began with Dandi march in the year 1930. This movement was one of the major part of Indian Independence movement and non-violent resistance against tax. He led this Dandi march with lot of followers behind him.
He vowed to produce more salt without paying any tax and soon he broke the law for salt on the 24th day, which sparked outrage among Britishers.