The Sikh Gurus, referred to as the strong and powerful, are credited with establishing Sikhism, which started as a minor religion, but developed into a prominent religion over centuries. There were total 10 Guru of Sikhs. After the last guru (Gobind Singh), the Holy Book is the spirit of Sikh religion.
The "Gurus" in Sikhism are regarded as enlighteners and divine messengers. They were the messengers of the Timeless, who brought forth the eternal wisdom. They were universal men who freed our minds from bigotry and superstitions, dogmas and rituals and emphasized the simplicity of the religion. Let’s take a look at the list of Guru in Sikh religion. In the below image, we are providing the year of birth and death while their serving time is given in the list.
10 Sikh Gurus
- Guru Nanak Dev (1469-1539) – He was the founder of Sikh Religion.
- Guru Angad (1539-1552) – He started Gurumukhi language that is the writing script Sikh Religion.
- Guru Amardas (1552-1574) – He demolished many social evils like stoppage of child marriage, widow re-marriage etc.
- Guru Ramdas (1574-1581) – He discovered the Amritsar city by contributing 500 villages. Akbar had gifted him these villages.
- Guru Arjan Dev (1581-1606) – He built Golden Temple and also wrote Aadigranth. At last, he was executed by Emperor Jahangir.
- Guru Hargobind (1606-1645) – He placed Akal Takht in the Golden Temple.
- Guru Har Rai (1645-1661)
- Guru Harikishan (1661-1664) – Many schools were built across the country by the names of Hari Kishan.
- Guru Tegbahadur (1664-1675) – Emperor Aurangzeb sentenced his death.
- Guru Gobind Singh (1675-1708) – He started Khalsa Panth.
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